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INDIA HISTORY 

ANCIENT HISTORY

India's history and culture is dynamic, spanning back to the beginning of human civilization. It begins with a mysterious culture along the Indus River and in farming communities in the southern lands of India. The history of India is punctuated by constant integration of migrating people with the diverse cultures that surround India. Available evidence suggests that the use of iron, copper and other metals was widely prevalent in the Indian sub-continent at a fairly early period, which is indicative of the progress that this part of the world had made. By the end of the fourth millennium BC, India had emerged as a region of highly developed civilization.

Indus Valley Civilization

Vedic Civilization

The Buddhist Era

Alexander's Invasion

The Mauryan Empire

Gupta Dynasty

Harshavardhana

The Chalukyas Of Badami

The Pallavas Of Kanchi

MEDIEVAL HISTORY OF INDIA

For a period that has come to be so strongly associated with the Islamic influence and rule in India, Medieval Indian history went for almost three whole centuries under the so-called indigenous rulers, that included the Chalukyas, the Pallavas, the Pandyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Muslims rulers and finally the Mughal Empire. The most important dynasty to emerge in the middle of the 9th century was that of the Cholas.

The Palas

The Senas

The Rashtrakutas

The Pratihara

Chola Empire

Rise Of Islam 

The Delhi Sultanate 

Timurs Invasion

Muslim Invasion in India 

The Khilji Dynasty

The Slave Dynasty

The Tughlaq Dynasty

Sayyid Dynasty

Lodhi Dynasty(1451-1489 Ad)

Vijayanagar Empire

Bahmani Kingdom

Bhakti Movement

Sufism

The Mughal Empire

Rise Of Sikh Power

INDIAN FREEDOM STRUGGLE (1857-1947)

The conquest of India, which could be said to have begun with the Battle of Plassey (1757), was practically completed by the end of Dalhousie’s tenure in 1856. It had been by no means a smooth affair as the simmering discontent of the people manifested itself in many localized revolt during this period. However, the Mutiny of 1857, which began with a revolt of the military soldiers at Meerut, soon became widespread and posed a grave challenge to the British rule. Even though the British succeeded in crushing it within a year, it was certainly a popular revolt in which the Indian rulers, the masses and the militia participated so enthusiastically that it came to be regarded as the First War of Indian Independence.

Introduction of zamindari system by the British, where the peasants were ruined through exorbitant charges made from them by the new class of landlords. The craftsmen were destroyed by the influx of the British manufactured goods. The religion and the caste system which formed the firm foundation of the traditional Indian society was endangered by the British administration. The Indian soldiers as well as people in administration could not rise in hierarchy as the senior jobs were reserved for the Europeans. Thus, there was all-round discontent and disgust against the British rule, which burst out in a revolt by the ‘sepoys’ at Meerut whose religious sentiments were offended when they were given new cartridges greased with cow and pig fat, whose covering had to be stripped out by biting with the mouth before using them in rifles. The Hindu as well as the Muslim soldiers, who refused to use such cartridges, were arrested which resulted in a revolt by their fellow soldiers on May 9, 1857.

The Indian Mutiny of 1857

End Of The East India Company

Indian National Congress

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

The Non-Cooperation Movement

Simon Commission

Civil Disobedience Movement

Quit India Movement

Partition of India And Pakistan